Jose Ortega y Gasset
was a Spanish philosopher and humanist who greatly influenced the cultural and
literary renaissance of Spain in the 20th century.
Ortega y Gasset studied at
Madrid University (1898–1904) and in Germany (1904–08) and was influenced by the
neo-Kantian philosophical school at Marburg.
In 1929, he published
his most celebrated book La Rebelión de las Masas
(The Revolt of the Masses), in which he advocated building an European
Between 1936 and 1945 he was a voluntary
exile in Europe and Argentina, returning to Spain at the end of World War II. He
was born in Madrid in 1883 and died in the same city in 1955.