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Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi

Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi, the son of a Austro-Hungarian count and diplomat, and a Japanese mother, was born in 1894.

After the First World War Coudenhove-Kalergi set out a fight for the unity of Europe. His first book - in fact a manifesto - titled Pan-Europa was published in 1923, and each copy contained a membership form which invited the reader to become a member of Pan-Europa movement. Thus, Coudenhove-Kalergi is the founder of the first grassroots movement for the European unity. The movement held its first Congress in Vienna in 1926. The following year Aristide Briand was elected honorary president. Major personalities of European culture, as Albert Einstein, Thomas Mann, Sigmund Freud, Rilke, Unamuno, Madariaga, Ortega y Gasset and Adenauer, belonged to Pan- Europa

The French statesman Edouard Herriot writes in his book "The United States of Europe": "A large body among the leading spirits of Europe's youth devotes itself today to the achievement of the lofty teachings of Kant. At the head of this intellectual group it is only fair to put Count Richard N. Coudenhove-Kalergi, the man who has certainly done most in recent years for European federation".

Juan Carlos Ocaña

European Union The European Union: integration
process and European citizenship
European Unity
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2003 © Juan Carlos Ocaña