Links


 

THE EU SERVER

The European Union on-line
http://europa.eu.int/

The EU at a glance
http://www.europa.eu.int/abc-en.htm

This page provides basic information about the European Union and links to more detailed information.

The European Union on-line - Search
http://europa.eu.int/geninfo/query_en.htm

A very powerful search machine in the EU server.

DIRECTORIES

European NAvigator (ENA), a knowledge base dedicated to the history and institutions of a united Europe
http://www.ena.lu/index.cfm

ENA provides a wide variety of multimedia documents (speeches, historical documents, photos, facsimiles, cartoons, sound and film clips, interviews, interactive maps and diagrams, etc.) organised chronologically and by subject area.

The Documentary Resources are supplemented by four modules: Thesaurus, Glossary, Media Library, Selective Bibliography.

New material is regularly added to the documentary resources in order to ensure that as many areas as possible, structural, political, geographical or linguistic, are represented. By virtue of its multilingual approach, ENA presents material both in the original language and in translation. From the File menu you can select either of the two interface languages in which the knowledge base is available: French and English.

Europe - A sites compilation by Jean-Philippe Raud Dugal (in French and in English)
http://apella.ac-limoges.fr/lyc-perrier-tulle/europ/links/europe.htm

An excellent library of links in the European classes web site of Lycée Edmond Perrier in Limoges.

A to Z Index of European Websites - European Union in the US
http://www.eurunion.org/infores/euindex.htm

This comprehensive index is a guide to information on this website of the European Commission Delegation in Washington, as well as on all of the websites of the European Union's institutions and specialized agencies in Europe.

Euroguide
http://www.euroguide.org/euroguide/subject-listing/

Euroguide will help you find your way through the maze of European Information on the Internet.

European Access Plus
http://www.europeanaccess.co.uk/addinfo/eotihome.htm

A listing of sites on the Internet providing substantive and bibliographical information about the people and policies, issues and institutions of the European Union, the wider Europe and related subjects.

European Union Internet Resources - University of Berkeley
http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/GSSI/eu.html

EU servers and institutions, documents, newspapers, journals...

European Union Webring
http://www.euwebring.org/

It includes an overview on EU: history (until 1999), institutions, euro...

Euro-sceptic Web Resource
http://www.euro-sceptic.org/

Dedictated to critical debate on Europe and helping others continue the debate. One of the best places to search for Euro-sceptic websites.

Hall European History.com
http://halleuropeanhistory.com/index.php

American portal on European History. There is a few links to EU related web sites.

WWW- World Library - European Integration History Index : Gateways
http://www.iue.it/LIB/SISSCO/VL/hist-eur-integration/gateways.html

A library of links on European Union.

 

EDUCATIONAL WEBS

Alexander runs for Europe - A website for EU studies and studies about Europe.
http://www.alexandersajt.koping.se/europe/

This is a website for EU studies and studies about Europe. Its starting point is the EU parliament's members and parties. It is run by Bengt Larsson from Sweden and it is one of the best educational sites on Europe.

Danish Alexander
http://www.sa.gymfag.dk/links/alexand.htm

EU Directory
http://apella.ac-limoges.fr/lyc-perrier-tulle/europ/links/europe.htm

A directory of 280 Internet links on Europe. The material is organized under the headings: Enlargement, Economy, Newspapers, Politics, History, Citizen & Culture, European Union Institutions, Statistics, Atlas, European Countries, Pedagogy and Miscellaneous. Made by a French teacher, Jean-Philippe Raud Dugal.

E-Schola
http://www.eun.org/cn/eschola/index.cfm

Education - EU Policy  
http://europa.eu.int/pol/educ/index_en.htm

European Evolution - We were Sapientes, we are Sapientes, we will be Eurosapientes
http://fsg-preetz.lernnetz.de/european-citizens/index_2.htm

An Europe at School web elaborated by German, Danish and Hungarian High Schools. 

European Schoolnet
http://www.eun.org/eun.org2/eun/en/index_eun.html

A unique international partnership of 23 European Ministries of Education developing learning for schools, teachers and pupils across Europe

European Treasury Browser
http://www.en.eun.org/eun.org2/eun/en/etb/entry_page.cfm?id_area=14

The ETB builds a metadata infrastructure to link national repositories across Europe.

My Europe Schools Network
http://www.eun.org/eun.org2/eun/index_myeurope.cfm

Group of more than a thousand schools. They form a unique community of teachers who work for the development and the enhancement of our common European identity. 

Pop-Up The European Youth on-line Magazine
http://www.pop-up.org/indxmain.htm

POP-UP is a European youth magazine. Meaning not an English, German, French, Spanish etc., but a European one. POP-UP offers you information and contributions from the various countries and regions about training, profession, music, studies, leisure time, culture, politics and much more. POP-UP is produced by a project partnership and is in no way commercial. The project partners are people from non-profit making organisations from Dortmund and Frankfurt/ Oder in Germany, from Durrow and Dublin in Ireland, from Belfast in Northern Ireland, from Gdansk in Poland and from Vilafranca in Spain (Catalonia).

Virtual School - European Schoolnet 
http://www.eun.org/eun.org2/eun/en/vs-Front_/entry_page.html

This web site is created by teams of teachers from different countries that together create and collect different kinds of learning resources.

Webquest: Europe Day, What to celebrate?
http://www.lo-net.de/group/Material/europe/WebQuest3.htm

Who were Jean Monnet, Robert Schuman and Konrad Adenauer? What is important to remember about them? What makes them the founding fathers of a United Europe? Why is what they did on 9 May a 'leap forward for Europe'?

Task:

The German government has assigned you to a task force that will design an appropriate way not only to commemorate the men but also the creation of the European Union. The sky is not the limit though. What you design must not cost much, but must find cost efficient ways to remind Europeans of the three men's importance and their significance for the present.

Webquest on European Union
http://www.plainfield.k12.in.us/hschool/webq/webq160/

This is the task for the students: "You and your team members represent one of the 15 member nations and are your country's liaison to the EU Council. Each of you has a specific role -- economist, historian, or environmentalist. Together, you must gather information about the country you are representing so that you can convince the council that your country should host the presidency as soon as the current schedule ends. Design a PowerPoint presentation and write a report explaining your position, based on your findings. The report should include at least one graph/chart and/or other visual".

Webquest: What is the European Union? By Jean-Philippe Raud Dugal
http://apella.ac-limoges.fr/lyc-perrier-tulle/europ/whatsup/spring/webquesteurope.htm

This the task for the students: "You are a teenager from Europe and you have to explain what is the European Union to your familly. You have to be the clearest you can to make the members of your family understand its role, its importance in their lives".

Webquest: The Copenhagen European Council By Jean-Philippe Raud Dugal
http://apella.ac-limoges.fr/lyc-perrier-tulle/europ/whatsup/spring/copenhagen.htm

This the task for the students: "You are a journalist from Europe and you have to explain to your worldwide readers what happened in Copenhagen during the last European Council Summit."

DEBATE ON THE FUTURE OF EUROPE

Centre for European Reform
http://www.cer.org.uk/

The Centre for European Reform (CER) is a thinktank devoted to improving the quality of the debate on the future of the European Union. The CER aims to promote new ideas and policies for reforming the EU. As an independent organisation, the CER has published work by contributors from all the main political parties. Those involved in its activities are well placed to ensure that its ideas are fed into the policy-making process. The CER also provides advice to governments in several European countries, as well as to EU institutions.

The European Convention
http://european-convention.eu.int/bienvenue.asp?lang=EN

The European Convention - The Forum website
http://europa.eu.int/futurum/forum_convention/index_en.htm

The purpose of this site is to provide information about the Forum, and to offer all who so wish the opportunity to make their own contribution to the debate on the future of Europe. These contributions are published on this site, to help all those wishing to follow this wider debate.

The future of the European Union - Debate
http://europa.eu.int/futurum/index_en.htm

"The debate on the future of the European Union" is an initiative launched at the Nice Intergovernmental Conference (declaration on the future of the Union) in December 2000. This will be a wider and more profound debate than "Dialogue on Europe", launched by the Commission in February 2000. It will form part of a process of discussion and exchange of ideas which will contribute to the preparation of a further intergovernmental conference planned for 2004.

Future of the Union (2004 ICG)
http://ue.eu.int/CIG/default.asp?lang=en

The Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) which agreed the Treaty of Nice adopted a declaration on the future of the European Union in which the following Presidencies, in cooperation with the Commission and involving the European Parliament, were asked to encourage wide-ranging discussions on the future of the Union involving all the interested parties: representatives of national Parliaments and all those reflecting public opinion, including political, economic and university circles, representatives of civil society, etc. The candidate countries will be associated with this process. This vast public debate is intended to be the first stage of a process of preparation leading up to the convening of a new IGC in 2004.

European Parliament - 2004 The Future of Europe
http://www.europarl.eu.int/europe2004/index_en.htm

The Europe 2004 webpage was devised to enable Europe's citizens to read the European Parliament's official positions on the future of the Union. It also gives details of the work of Parliament's Delegation in the European Convention.

Friends of Europe - Debating Europe's future
http://www.friendsofeurope.org

Friends of Europe aims to promote discussion, research and new thinking on the issues shaping the future of European integration. It is a non-profit organisation without national or political bias.

 

ENLARGEMENT

Enlargement
http://europa.eu.int/comm/enlargement/overview.htm

Comprehensive information on the Commission website.

Enlargement - Activities of the European Union
http://europa.eu.int/scadplus/leg/en/lvb/e40001.htm

The overview is a must to start learning on the EU enlargement.

Enlargement heads the EU agenda - In the web of Alexander runs for Europe (.pdf)
http://www.alexandersajt.koping.se/europe/Enlargement/fakta10eng.pdf

Enlargement of the European Union - Europarl
http://www.europarl.eu.int/enlargement/default_en.htm

The European Parliament website on enlargement.

Enlarging Europe - BBC
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/europe/
2000/redefining_europe/

Basic data on the future members of the EU.

Central Europe on line
http://www.europeaninternet.com/centraleurope/

CIA World Factbook
http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html

The Cyprus problem : Europe’s diplomatic challenge
http://www.en.eun.org/eun.org2/eun/en/vs-civics/content.cfm?lang=en&ov=21676

Excellent article by Johan Vancauwenberghe, a Belgian teacher, that claryfies a so complex problem. Will the EU enlargement solve an almost 30 years old problem? A questionnaire on the topic is also available.

EUROPEAN CITIZENSHIP

Council of Europe - Education for Democratic Citizenship
http://www.coe.int/T/E/Cultural_Co-operation/education/E.D.C/

The Council of Europe’s EDC project was set up in February 1997 with the aim to find out which values and skills individuals require in order to become participating citizens, how they can acquire these skills and how they can learn to pass them on to others.

The project was officially launched in October 1997 by the Heads of States and Governments of the Council's of Europe Member States at their Second Summit in Strasbourg held on 10-11 October 1997.

Since then, the Council of Europe has provided a forum of discussion between EDC experts and practitioners from all over Europe, who defined concepts, developed strategies and collected good practices on EDC.

On the basis of their findings and recommendations the Council of Europe has set policy standards in the field of EDC and advocated their implementation by member States

Council of Europe - 2005 European Year of Citizenship through Education
http://www.coe.int/T/E/Com/Files/Themes/ECD/

European Year of Citizenship through Education marks the culmination of eight years' work by the Council of Europe to define concepts, policies and strategies for applying good practices in the area of education for democratic citizenship (EDC).

The Council of Europe is launching the European Year for Citizenship through Education in order to encourage the practical implementation of pledges by political decision-makers who undertook to adapt the Recommendation to their states' education systems.

European Citizenship
http://myeurope.eun.org/ww/en/pub/myeurope/home/misc/
eu_citizenship.htm
 

The article provides basic information on the relationship between local, regional, and national identity and the European citizenship. The article also explains the main rights of the European citizens and which factors contributed to bring the European citizenship concept closer to them.

There is a quite useful quiz (fill in the blanks sort) based on the article.

European Citizenship
http://www.chez.com/bibelec/publications/international/index.html

Article of Dvid Hémery in Bibelec. Two aspects: I.European citizensip through the scope of History and II. Citizenship in the European Union.

European Citizen action service
http://www.ecas.org/

ECAS was created in 1990 as an international non-profit organization, independent of political parties, commercial interests and the EU Institutions. The association’s mission is to enable NGOs and individuals to make their voice heard with the EU.

What are its objectives?

1. To strengthen the European Strategy of NGOs in member states and applicant countries of the EU.

2. To defend free movement rights and promote a more inclusive European citizenship

3. To campaign for transparency and reform of the EU Institutions

Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union
http://ue.eu.int/df/default.asp?lang=en

Full text in the Council of the European Union's website.

Citizens rights
http://europa.eu.int/abc/rights_en.htm

Information on fundamental rights, rights relating to freedom of movement within the European Union and rights relating to European citizenship.

Dialogue with citizens and business
http://citizens.eu.int/

Practical information on European citizens' rights.

Education and active citizenship in the European Union
http://europa.eu.int/comm/education/citizen/index.html

This site provides a focus for the dissemination of policy-relevant ideas, activities and resources in the field of learning for active citizenship.

Enhancing democracy: A White Paper on Governance in the European Union
http://europa.eu.int/comm/governance/index_en.htm

The White Paper of the Commission and the follow-up: debate, Convention...

Equal opportunities - Activities of the European Union
http://europa.eu.int/pol/equopp/index_en.htm

The overview on equal opportunities policy of the EU provides remarkable information.

Europe Direct. A service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union. 
http://europa.eu.int/europedirect/en/index_en.html

Europe Direct is a service to help citizens find answers to their questions about the European Union. It offers free telephone helplines for each Member State, a direct response service via e-mail and links to information and advice facilities at national, regional and local levels.
 

European Citizenship - Grande Place
http://www.eurplace.org/diba/citta/

A website close to Federalist positions.

European Citizenship: Towards a European Identity?
http://polyglot.lss.wisc.edu/eur/papers/works/euro_citizen.html

A paper by Percy B. Lehning.

European Commission - Socio-economic Research European citizenship: beyond borders, across identities
http://www.cordis.lu/improving/socio-economic/conf_citizen.htm

Research documents and activities on European Citizenship

ECHO Humanitarian Aid Office
http://europa.eu.int/comm/echo/index_en.htm

European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC) 
http://www.eumc.at/

The European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC) was established in 1997 by the European Union as an independent body to contribute to combat racism, xenophobia and anti-semitism throughout Europe. It has the task of reviewing the extent and development of the racist, xenophobic and anti-semitic phenomena in the European Union and promoting "best practice" among the Member States.

European Ombudsman
http://www.euro-ombudsman.eu.int/

European Politics of Citizenship  
http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR3-3/delgado.html

An article by Juan M. Delgado-Moreira in The Qualitative Report, Volume 3, Number 3, September, 1997

Institute for Citizenship
http://www.citizen.org.uk/

Politeia - Network for citizenship and democracy in Europe
http://www.politeia.net/

The network for citizenship and democracy in Europe is a virtual organization of more than 1500 persons and institutions that are active in the field of citizenship and political education and wishing to cooperate at European level.
The goal of the network is to promote the social and political participation of the European citizens.

Speak out on European Citizenship
http://www.citizen.org.uk/speakout/

It aims to develop the notion of a diverse and inclusive European citizenship, and encourage active citizenship in young Europeans.

The contribution of Community action programmes in the field of education, training and youth to the development of citizenship with a European dimension. Dr. Audrey Osler - University of Birmingham(PDF) 
http://europa.eu.int/comm/education/citizen/birmingham.pdf

European Court of Human Rights -Council of Europe   
http://www.echr.coe.int/

EUROSCEPTIC WEBS

Congress for democracy - Campaigning for an independent pound  
http://www.congressfordemocracy.org.uk/
 

Eurocritic web magazine
http://www.eurocritic.demon.co.uk/

An independent magazine focusing a critical spotlight on European integration and its implications for the sovereignty of Britain.

Europe of democracies and diversities 
http://www.europarl.eu.int/edd/  

EDD favours the creation of a stable and democratic Europe of Nation States built on the diversity and cultures of its peoples. It is open to people who are critical of further European integration and centralization.

Euro-sceptic Web Resource
http://www.euro-sceptic.org/

Links to euro-sceptic websites, documents, articles...

TEAM - The European Alliance of EU Critical Movements
http://www.teameurope.info/

TEAM is an information network linking 47 organisations, political party and non-party, from 18 countries across Europe. It includes democratic and non-racist organisations from the centre, left and right of the political spectrum.

The Bruges Group  
http://www.brugesgroup.com/

The Bruges Group claims to be an independent all-party think tank, although the influence of British Conservatives is evident. Set up in February 1989, its aim was to promote the idea of a less centralised European structure than that emerging in Brussels. Its inspiration was Margaret Thatcher's Bruges speech in September 1988.

 

EU HISTORY

EU History - History of European Integration Site - Leiden University History Department
http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/history/rtg/res1/

Undoubtedly, the best web to learn about EU history. Historical documents, oral histories, statistical sources, timelines. A must for studying EU history on the net.

Europe in ten points
http://europa.eu.int/comm/dg10/publications/
brochures/docu/10lecons/txt_en.html

This text, by Pascal Fontaine, includes a brief history on European integration.

European University Institute - Department of History and Civilization
http://www.iue.it/HEC/

The European University Institute was founded in 1972 by the European Community Member States. Its main objective is to provide advanced academic training to PhD students and to promote research at the highest level.It carries out research in a European perspective (fundamental research, comparative research and Community research) in history, law, economics, political and social science.

KnowEurope - History of the EU
http://www.knoweurope.net/html/begguide/chrono/chron_intro.htm

A EU timeline with additional information on the main events.

Kurt Tucholsky as Prophet of European Unity by Ian King
http://www.sbu.ac.uk/euroinst/501.pdf

This leading left-wing intellectual of the Weimar Republic has been recently considered as significant supporter of a united Europe.

Milestones of the EU
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/europe/
2001/inside_europe/milestones/

Chronology from 1947 to nowadays. On the BBC web site.

Pierre Werner, the father of the euro
http://phoenix.liunet.edu/~uroy/eco41/emu/euro-hist/PierreWerner.html

The Briand Plan for European Unity
http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/psf/box51/a466b20.html

Original document of a text by John B. Whitton, professor in Princeton University.

The European Prospect
http://www.ellopos.net/politics/europeanunion.htm

An interesting selection of historical texts, from Briand to Joshka Fischer.

The history of the European Union
http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/index_en.htm

A chronology, year after year, from 1946 to 2002.

The history of the European Union - World Bank
http://www.worldbank.org/eca/euenlargement/eu_history.htm

A chronology of the European Integration process.

MISCELLANEOUS

A-Z of Europe - A Glossary
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/europe/euro-glossary/default.stm

BBC News Online untangles the jargon and acronyms that all to often accompany media coverage of the European Union and its affairs. Click on the headlines for explanations.

Bulletin of the European Union
http://europa.eu.int/abc/doc/off/bull/en/welcome.htm

Center for European Reform on line
http://www.cer.org.uk/

The Centre for European Reform is a think-tank devoted to improving the quality of the debate on the future of the European Union. It is a forum for people with ideas to discuss the many political, economic and social challenges facing Europe. Based in London, the CER is a European think-tank that seeks to work with similar bodies in other European countries, in North America and elsewhere in the world.

The CER is pro-European but not uncritical.

Datenbank Europa
http://www.datenbank-europa.de/indexe.html

A very extensive resource with a great deal of information about all European countries in English and German language.

Eur-Lex. The portal to EU law
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/index.html

Europe 2020
http://www.europe2020.org/

The web portal of information and thinking on 21st century Europe

Euobserver
http://www.euobserver.com/

For the latest EU related news.

European Union in the US
http://www.eurunion.org

Excellente website that provides a broad range of news, articles... and a very useful A-Z of the EU.

European Policy Centre Web-Site
http://www.theepc.be/

An interface between Government, Business and Civil Society. High-quality information on all the main features of EU and the current debate about its future.

EurActiv - "EU News, policy positions and 'EU Actors' online"
http://wwww.euroactiv.com

EurActiv.com is now the leading online media on European Union policies. Launched in 2000, the portal has become an essential work instrument for « EU Actors » (professionals from EU institutions, countries & regions, industry & unions, NGOs, the press, and consultants (law, lobbying, PR).
EurActiv.com offers daily news coverage links to all sort of relevant official and archives with full historical searches for previous news.

European Research Papers Archive
http://eiop.or.at/erpa/

ERPA is a common access point for the following online working paper series in the field of European integration research: Robert Schuman Centre and Academy of European Law at the European University Institute (Florence); Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies (Cologne), Jean Monnet Working Papers European Union Jean Monnet Chair NYU Law School and several more institutions. In November 2002 more than 650 papers were available.

European Union
http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/8823/

European Resource Center for Schools and Colleges
http://www.britishcouncil.org/education/resource/europe/index.htm

The European Resource Centres for Schools and Colleges (ERCs) provide teachers and students with information on issues relating to Europe and support the development of the European dimension in the curriculum.

The ERCs offer resources, many of them free, which can be used to introduce a valuable European and international dimension into the classroom.

Inside Europe - Your guide to life in European Union
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/
europe/2001/inside_europe/default.stm

A wealth of information on European Union, on the BBC news web site.

KnowEurope - Putting Europe into context
http://www.knoweurope.net/

A great deal of information on history, countries, institutions of the EU.

The Center for European Policy Studies
http://www.ceps.be

Founded in 1983, the Centre for European Policy Studies is an independent policy research institute dedicated to producing sound policy research leading to constructive solutions to the challenges facing Europe today.

The Jean Monnet Programme - Harvard University, European University Insititute, NYU School of Law
http://www.jeanmonnetprogram.org

Under the Jean Monnet Project, the European Commission supports university initiatives aimed at creating teaching activities in European integration. Launched in 1990 at the specific request of the academic world, the Jean Monnet Project aims to promote teaching in European integration, in particular in Law, Economics, Political Science and History the disciplines where European Union developments are becoming an increasingly important part of the subject studied and where student demand is at its greatest.

PRO-EUROPE WEBS

Britain in Europe
http://www.britainineurope.org.uk/home.phtml

Launched by Tony Blair, Gordon Brown, Ken Clarke, Michael Heseltine and Charles Kennedy, is organisation is campaigning for a strong Britain in a strong Europe and putting the case for the single currency.

Campaign for a European Federal Constitution
http://www.euraction.org/

European Movement - United Kingdom.
http://www.eurplace.org/orga/londra/index.html

It campaigns to promote the benefits of Britain's EU membership and for Britain to play a leading role in a democratic European Union.

The European Movement is Britain's leading pro-European membership organisation
http://www.euromove.org.uk/

Britain's largest pro-European membership organisation and formed by Sir Winston Churchill in 1948. Today European Movement members across the country campaign in their local communities for Britain to play a leading role in a strong, democratic and reformed Europe and join the single currency.

Grande Place Europe
http://www.eurplace.org/index.html

It is a free telematique forum for all the citizens who are interested in having a part in building the European Union.

My Europe - Mon Europe
http://perso.wanadoo.fr/mon-europe/en/welcome.html

Bilingual, English and French, on-line newspaper elaborated by a group of students.

Union of European Federalists - Union de Fédéralistes Européens  
http://www.europa-web.de/europa/1_5.htm
 

Swedish EU Relay
http://www.eu2004.se/extra/tools/parser/
index.cgi?url=/html/parse/index_uk_ie.html

Very interesting web site dealing with a wide range of topics. From the right to vote to the neonazi movements, from gender equality to EU defence and security policy, from animal mistreatment to enviromental problems. A good site to know about social values and European integration process.

THE TREATIES

European Treaties
http://europa.eu.int/abc/treaties_en.htm

The Treaty of Nice
http://europa.eu.int/comm/nice_treaty/index_en.htm